Part 2 of 7 in Marianne Talbot's "A Romp Through Ethics for Complete Beginners". In this episode we examine the preconditions of ethical reasoning and make a comparison between the law of the land and the moral law.
In this introduction to ethics, we shall be considering the underpinnings of ethical thought. We shall consider, for example, what it is for an action to be right or wrong, whether we can have moral knowledge and whether freewill is essential to morality. We shall reflect on four key ethical theories (virtue ethics, deontology, non-cognitivism and utilitarianism), looking at both their strengths and their weaknesses. We shall be looking at morality in the context of the individual and the context of society.
The University of Oxford, located in Oxford, United Kingdom, is one of the oldest universities in the world. For over 900 years, Oxford has been educating students from both the U.K. and abroad, currently offering undergraduate and graduate degrees within its 38 independent colleges. The university has four academic divisions, spanning Humanities, Mathematical, Physical and Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, and Social Sciences. Notable alumni include 26 British prime ministers, writers Oscar Wilde and J.R.R. Tolkien, and scientist Albert Einstein.