Structure of the Atom: A Conundrum. The work of E. Rutherford, 1911, lead to the discovery of the nucleus. In this lecture, Professor Sylvia Ceyer begins by explaining the backscattering experiment that lead to this key discovery in the early 20th century. She then moves on to a classical description of the atom, including coulombic interaction and the classical equation of motion (Newton's Second Law). The lecture ends with discussion of the wave-particle duality of matter and radiation, highlighting the wave nature of light and the periodic variation of an electromagnetic field.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), founded in 1861, is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and is one of the foremost U.S. institutions in science and technology. It is comprised of five schools and one college, including the renowned School of Engineering and Sloan School of Management, offering Bachelor's, Master's, and Doctorate degrees. Notable alumni include Ben Bernanke, Chairman of the Federal Reserve, Benjamin Netanyahu, prime minister of Israel, and American astronaut "Buzz" Aldrin.