Professor Sylvia Ceyer explains the standard Gibbs free energy of formation and its relationship to thermodynamic stability. The Second Law of Thermodynamics is defined as it relates to controlling spontaneity with temperature. The lecture concludes by defining the thermodynamic equilibrium constant and the reaction quotient/direction of change in a chemical equilibrium.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), founded in 1861, is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and is one of the foremost U.S. institutions in science and technology. It is comprised of five schools and one college, including the renowned School of Engineering and Sloan School of Management, offering Bachelor's, Master's, and Doctorate degrees. Notable alumni include Ben Bernanke, Chairman of the Federal Reserve, Benjamin Netanyahu, prime minister of Israel, and American astronaut "Buzz" Aldrin.