Differential Equations are the language in which the laws of nature are expressed. Understanding properties of solutions of differential equations is fundamental to much of contemporary science and engineering. Ordinary differential equations (ODEs) deal with functions of one variable, which can often be thought of as time. Topics include: Solution of first-order ODE's by analytical, graphical and numerical methods; Linear ODE's, especial...more
The purpose of this course is to introduce you to basics of modeling, design, planning, and control of robot systems. In essence, the material treated in this course is a brief survey of relevant results from geometry, kinematics, statics, dynamics, and control. The course is presented in a standard format of lectures, readings and problem sets. Lectures will be based mainly, but not exclusively, on material in the Lecture Notes. Lectures...more
This course teaches techniques for the design and analysis of efficient algorithms, emphasizing methods useful in practice. Topics covered include: sorting; search trees, heaps, and hashing; divide-and-conquer; dynamic programming; amortized analysis; graph algorithms; shortest paths; network flow; computational geometry; number-theoretic algorithms; polynomial and matrix calculations; caching; and parallel computing.
This is a basic course on matrix theory and linear algebra. Emphasis is given to topics that will be useful in other disciplines, including systems of equations, vector spaces, determinants, eigenvalues, similarity, and positive definite matrices.
Introduction to applied linear algebra and linear dynamical systems, with applications to circuits, signal processing, communications, and control systems. Topics include: Least-squares aproximations of over-determined equations and least-norm solutions of underdetermined equations. Symmetric matrices, matrix norm and singular value decomposition. Eigenvalues, left and right eigenvectors, and dynamical interpretation. Matrix exponential, ...more
We consider games that have both simultaneous and sequential components, combining ideas from before and after the midterm. We represent what a player does not know within a game using an information set: a collection of nodes among which the player cannot distinguish. This lets us define games of imperfect information; and also lets us formally define subgames. We then extend our definition of a strategy to imperfect information games, an...more
Recap: Conjugate Gradient Method, Recap: Krylov Subspace, Spectral Analysis Of Krylov Sequence, A Bound On Convergence Rate, Convergence, Residual Convergence, CG Algorithm, Efficient Matrix-Vector Multiply, Shifting, Preconditioned Conjugate Gradient Algorithm, Choice Of Preconditioner, CG Summary, Truncated Newton Method, Approximate Or Inexact Newton Methods, CG Initialization, Hessian And Gradient, Methods, Convergence Versus Iteration...more
Recap: 'Difference Of Convex' Programming, Alternating Convex Optimization, Nonnegative Matrix Factorization, Comment: Nonconvex Methods, Conjugate Gradient Method, Three Classes Of Methods For Linear Equations, Symmetric Positive Definite Linear Systems, CG Overview, Solution And Error, Residual, Krylov Subspace, Properties Of Krylov Sequence, Cayley-Hamilton Theorem, Spectral Analysis Of Krylov Sequence
An Application of Supervised Learning - Autonomous Deriving, ALVINN, Linear Regression, Gradient Descent, Batch Gradient Descent, Stochastic Gradient Descent (Incremental Descent), Matrix Derivative Notation for Deriving Normal Equations, Derivation of Normal Equations
Review Of Last Lecture: LTI Systems And Convolution, Comment On Time Invariant Discrete Systems, The Fourier Transform For LTI Systems; Complex Exponentials As Eigenfunctions, Discussion Of Sine And Cosine V. Complex Exponentials As Eigenfunctions (Generally They Are Not), Discrete Version (Discrete Complex Exponentials Are Eigenvectors), Discrete Results From A Matrix Perspective
Professor Saltzman reviews the concept of gene therapy, and gives some examples of where this is applied. Methods to help deliver DNA into cells using viruses and cationic lipids are discussed, as a way to overcome some challenges in gene therapy. Next, Professor Saltzman gives a brief introduction into bacterial and mammalian cell physiology. He describes the different tissues in the body, the cell development/differentiation process, the...more
Convergence Proof, Stopping Criterion, Example: Piecewise Linear Minimization, Optimal Step Size When F* Is Known, Finding A Point In The Intersection Of Convex Sets, Alternating Projections, Example: Positive Semidefinite Matrix Completion, Speeding Up Subgradient Methods, A Couple Of Speedup Algorithms, Subgradient Methods For Constrained Problems, Projected Subgradient Method, Linear Equality Constraints, Example: Least L_1-Norm